Chinese Dehua porcelain, also known as Blanc de Chine, is a type of porcelain that originated in the Dehua county of Fujian province, China. It is known for its pure white color and delicate, translucent quality, making it highly prized by collectors and connoisseurs.
History of Dehua Porcelain
Dehua porcelain has a long history, dating back to the Song Dynasty (960-1279). During this period, Dehua became an important center of porcelain production, and the local potters began experimenting with new techniques and designs.
However, it was during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) that Dehua porcelain began to gain widespread recognition. The Ming period saw an increase in international trade, and Dehua porcelain was exported to Europe, where it became known as "Blanc de Chine."
During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912), Dehua porcelain continued to flourish. The Qing emperors were great patrons of the arts, and they commissioned numerous porcelain pieces from Dehua, including vases, figurines, and bowls.
Characteristics of Dehua Porcelain
Dehua porcelain is known for its distinctive characteristics. It is made from a special type of clay found in the Dehua county, which is known for its purity and translucency. The porcelain is fired at a high temperature, which gives it its dense, hard quality.
The glaze used on Dehua porcelain is also unique. It is a creamy white color, with a slightly glossy finish. The glaze is applied in thin layers, which helps to enhance the translucency of the porcelain.
In terms of design, Dehua porcelain is often characterized by its simplicity and elegance. Many pieces feature intricate, detailed carvings, such as floral motifs or scenes from nature. Others are more abstract, with simple shapes and clean lines.